Winter mountains cerainly are splendid
but can also be very dangerous. The main winter threats are
avalanches, hypothermia hazard, orientation loss and falling from
height. Our winter route should be planned not to overcome our
physical condition and equimpent. It should also be adjusted to
current weather conditions. Keep in mind that mountain trail that can
be easy on summer can become very demanding and dangerous on winter.
It is recommended to walk in at least two-person groups and chosing
popular tracks, on which other people can be met.
Avalanche danger level is the main
information about the avalanche risk given by TOPR and updated every
24 hours. It is, however, only general review of situation in the
mountains. When planning the hike, it is possible to get information
from specialists in this field (rescuers, guides, TPN workers). One
of the ways to adapt to winter season is finishing adequate training
course. When departing for a winter trip, tourist should be trained
and equipped with first-aid equipment in case, so called Avalanche
ABC, with detector, probe and shovel.e.
The second danger that should
be taken into account even during short and easy treks is
hypothermia. The simple way of protecting yourself from losing heat
is to provide proper outfit, which should be dry and well-fit to our
Taking second pair of gloves is mandatory. Other
important factor is our own physical condition, so it's important to
be fed and hydrated during walk. One should be also prepared for
injuries and help await. Additional jacket (preferably down) and
space blanket would come in handy in such situation.
winter season, space orientation can be hampered. The snow often
covers trail signatures, and tracks are invisible in areas above
forest. The tourist who venture into winter mountains must know their
topography, be equipped with map and compass which can help in
finding sense of direction with limited visibility. The other
negative factor is short day lenght – flashlight with reserve
batteries should find their place in every tourist's backpack.
parts mountain trips
who go into high mountain terriroty must take account of moving on
steep terrain with risk of falling over high slope. Therefore, they
should be equipped with crampons, pickax and a helmet. Additionally,
difficult trips imply necessity of belay rope use. However, the
equipment itself won't suffice, thus high mountain terrain movement
skills are best acquired on training course. It's also possible to
hire a tour guide.
Weather forecast and safety
departing we should charge our phone battery and read the weather
forecast (available on websites
Bear in mind that mountain storms are very dangerous and it's not
recommended to hike at the time. The fog is similairly deceiving and
can confuse even seasoned tourists. You should also be prepared for
track change and learn the surrounding trail layout before leaving.
Please note that trail colors do not mark their difficulty level.
To ensure your safety it's best to tell your relatives and
close ones about your plans (tour destination, chosen path, departure
time, estimted time of return, sleep location).
In case of
emergency, please call the number 601 100 300 (TOPR), 112 or use the
smartphone app available at
Safety in the
+48 601 100
+48 18 20 634 44
will you find help?
website of TOPR
Emergency app: Download